Bezahlbarer Wohnungsbau ist den deutschen Architektinnen und Architekten, Innenarchitekten, Landschaftsarchitekten und Stadtplanern ein besonderes Anliegen. Sie beziehen sich auf bestehende und neue Anforderungen im Wohnungsbau. How exactly Facebook decides who sees what is one of the great pieces of forbidden knowledge in the information age, hidden away behind nondisclosure agreements, trade secrecy law, and a general culture of opacity. There are two basic steps to advertising on Facebook.
The first is taken by advertisers when they choose certain segments of the Facebook population to target: Canadian women who enjoy badminton and Weezer, lacrosse dads over 40 with an interest in white genocide, and so forth. Advertisers can see which audiences ended up viewing the ad, but are never permitted to know the underlying logic of how those precise audiences were selected. The enormous financial success of online advertising platforms is partially due to the precise targeting features they offer. Although researchers and journalists have found many ways that advertisers can targetor excludeparticular groups of users seeing their ads, comparatively little attention has been paid to the implications of the platform's ad delivery process, comprised of the platform's choices about who should see an ad.
It has been hypothesized that this process can "skew" ad delivery in ways that the advertisers do not intend, making some users less likely than others to see particular ads based on their demographic characteristics. In this paper, we demonstrate that such skewed delivery occurs on Facebook, due to market and financial optimization effects as well as the platform's own predictions about the "relevance" of ads to different groups of users.
We find that both the advertiser's budget and the content of the ad each significantly contribute to the skew of Facebook's ad delivery. Critically, we observe significant skew in delivery along gender and racial lines for "real" ads for employment and housing opportunities despite neutral targeting parameters.
Our results demonstrate previously unknown mechanisms that can lead to potentially discriminatory ad delivery, even when advertisers set their targeting parameters to be highly inclusive. This underscores the need for policymakers and platforms to carefully consider the role of the ad delivery optimization run by ad platforms themselvesand not just the targeting choices of advertisersin preventing discrimination in digital advertising.
Am Das Problem ist, dass Architektur relativ isoliert vermittelt wird. Wenn Letzteres fehlt, hindert das Architekten daran, effektvoll in der Gesellschaft zu handeln. Unsere Autoren fordern eine integrale Planung. This book examines the shape, composition, and practices of the United States political media landscape.
It explores the roots of the current epistemic crisis in political communication with a focus on the remarkable U. The authors present a detailed map of the American political media landscape based on the analysis of millions of stories and social media posts, revealing a highly polarized and asymmetric media ecosystem. Detailed case studies track the emergence and propagation of disinformation in the American public sphere that took advantage of structural weaknesses in the media institutions across the political spectrum.
This book describes how the conservative faction led by Steve Bannon and funded by Robert Mercer was able to inject opposition research into the mainstream media agenda that left an unsubstantiated but indelible stain of corruption on the Clinton campaign.
The authors also document how Fox News deflects negative coverage of President Trump and has promoted a series of exaggerated and fabricated counter narratives to defend the president against the damaging news coming out of the Mueller investigation. Based on an analysis of the actors that sought to influence political public discourse, this book argues that the current problems of media and democracy are not the result of Russian interference, behavioral microtargeting and algorithms on social media, political clickbait, hackers, sockpuppets, or trolls, but of asymmetric media structures decades in the making.
The crisis is political, not technological. Im Vorfeld des Internationalen Frauentags am 8.
EU-Verordnung: Ab dem 1. Das legt die am 8. In a democracy, we need to experience a plurality of voices and, critically, to have the skills, experience and knowledge to gauge the veracity of those voices.
While the Internet has brought many freedoms across the world and an unprecedented ability to communicate, it also carries the insidious ability to distort, to mislead and to produce hatred and instability. It functions on a scale and at a speed that is unprecedented in human history.
We must use technology, instead, to free our minds and use regulation to restore democratic accountability. We must make sure that people stay in charge of the machines. At least 14 UK police forces have used or intend to use discriminatory computer programs to predict where crime will be committed and by whom, according to new research published today by human rights organisation Liberty. The business confirmed that it had signed a consultancy contract with Wylie, who will take the role of research director. As a result, the company is stepping up its use of data and artificial intelligence to predict future sales and minimise such costs.
Farmers might have more agency in deciding to adopt new technology, but cannot fully realize the promised benefits of AI without leveraging resources to make crop data legible to machines.
Trends, benefits and risks for consumers Online advertising is now the dominant form of advertising in many OECD countries, and offers businesses the ability to reach consumers in ways that could only have been imagined previously. However, it also raises some new and complex challenges for consumers and consumer protection authorities. It outlines the potential benefits and risks for consumers, drawing on the behavioural insights literature where relevant.
Innen in Deutschland zu finden. Weibliche Selbstinszenierung findet hier nur in einem sehr begrenzten Korridor statt. The rise of social media has provoked both optimism about potential societal benefits and concern about harms such as addiction, depression, and political polarization.
- Im Feeling It: Inspirational Poems.
- Actualités de la SFU?
- Harpsichord Pieces, Book 3, Suite 17, No. 5: Les petites Chrémiéres de Bagnolel.
- Freie Software ungleich Open Source? Betrachtung von Lizenzen anhand von Beispielen und Vergleichen (German Edition)?
- Unmastered: A Book on Desire, Most Difficult to Tell!
- Les fondamentaux de la SFU-PARIS :.
We present a randomized evaluation of the welfare effects of Facebook, focusing on US users in the run-up to the midterm election. We measured the willingness-to-accept of 2, Facebook users to deactivate their Facebook accounts for four weeks, then randomly assigned a subset to actually do so in a way that we verified. Using a suite of outcomes from both surveys and direct measurement, we show that Facebook deactivation i reduced online activity, including other social media, while increasing offline activities such as watching TV alone and socializing with family and friends; ii reduced both factual news knowledge and political polarization; iii increased subjective well-being; and iv caused a large persistent reduction in Facebook use after the experiment.
Incentives for illegal, unreported and unregulated IUU fishing are considerable given the financial benefits that can accrue in both large- and small-scale fishing operations, and in developed and developing countries alike. The negative impacts of IUU fishing are environmental through its depleting effect on fish stocks; fisheries management is impacted by impairing scientific research; and it has profound social and economic impacts on communities, those working in the fisheries sector, and consumers. Many actions have been taken at international, regional and national levels to reduce IUU fishing.
Indicator Doch wer macht das schon?
Treffen mit Tim Cook: "Wir versuchen immer, unsere Preise so niedrig wie möglich zu gestalten"
Wir haben genau das getan. Das Ergebnis war nicht nur eine intensive und emotionale Brieffreundschaft mit der Datenschutz-Abteilung von Amazon. Amazon schickte eine Tabelle mit den letzten Genau das haben wir in den darauf folgenden Monaten getan. Und warum es problematisch ist, wenn Amazon unsere Vorlieben irgendwann besser kennt, als enge Freunde.
Mehr als Over the last several decades, courts and legal scholars have struggled with whether or when to consider boilerplate text as contract. Am aktivsten waren die Staatstrolle auf Twitter. Wie kann man sich die Zukunft der Stadt vorstellen? Ziel der Stadtfiktionen ist es, zur Diskussion, zum Nachdenken aber auch zum Widerspruch anzuregen.
Stadtfiktion 4 "Entschleunigung" orientiert sich am Leitbild der Stadt der kurzen Wege und des Sharings. For years, Russia has leveraged social media to wage a propaganda war with operations that initially targeted their own citizens and sphere of influence. In , they broadened those operations to include the United States and ran a multi-year campaign to manipulate and influence Americans, exploiting social and political divisions.
Finally, in late , ahead of a series of Congressional hearings, Facebook, Twitter, and Alphabet each turned over a data set containing text, images, videos, and other content that they attributed to the IRA. There is some overlap between the two parts, but each is intended to be a standalone document addressing different facets of the operation across the full scope of the millions of pieces of content in the data set.
- Crochet pattern ladybug baby booties (64).
- Branding Your Job Search.
- Inside Washington: Government Resources for International Business, Sixth Edition;
We recognize that there is a perhaps daunting amount of material in the report; the Table of Contents will help to zero in on the issues, tactics, or topics that are of greatest interest. Gender parity is fundamental to whether and how economies and societies thrive. The Global Gender Gap Report benchmarks countries on their progress towards gender parity across four thematic dimensions: Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment.
The Senate gave my research team data from social media companies. The picture that emerges is grim. The Russian disinformation operations that affected the United States presidential election are by no means over. Indeed, as two new reports produced for the Senate Intelligence Committee make clear, Russian interference through social media — contrary to the suggestion of many prominent tech executives — is a chronic, widespread and identifiable condition that we must now aggressively manage.
The Senate committee asked two research teams, one of which I led, to investigate the full scope of the recent multiyear Russian operation to influence American opinion executed by a company called the Internet Research Agency. Our report, announced by the committee on Monday, concludes that Russia was able to masquerade successfully as a collection of American media entities, managing fake personas and developing communities of hundreds of thousands, building influence over a period of years and using it to manipulate and exploit existing political and societal divisions.